Skeletal abnormalities in newborn: a question of detail

Skeletal abnormalities can be present in a new born. Some are usually detected  after the paediatrician examines the boy or girl, like hip dysplasia. Others can go undetected when attention is not given even in  minor signs or symptoms.

Undiagnosed for 30 years


Some articular diseases for infants and young children


Dysplasia of the HipRelatively common
Proximal femoral focal deficiencyUncommon

Hypoplasia of the proximal femur

Unilateral 90%
Acute transient synovitisThe most common non-traumatic hip disorder2-10 years of age
Legg-Calvé-Perthes diseaseSyndrome. Idiopathic avascular necrosis of the femoral epiphysis
Snapping hip syndromePosterior iliotibial band over the greater trochanterAudible or palpable “snap” with certain movements