Fluid on one side of the nose: is it cerebro-spinal fluid?

Fluid on one side of the nose

 

Sara got up one morning and as she went to wash her face, watery liquid came out of the left side of her nose. A 32-year-old healthy woman, she had seen  nothing like this before. The liquid increases as she tilted her head to the right. She had no trauma or fever in the previous days. Before this situation, she decided to go to the Emergency Department.

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Enough is enough: hemorrhoids again

SAM_2306
Atlantic Coast, Portugal

His face was sad. A man on his late sixties supported by his partner, a man of similar age. He was in front of me, sitting down with a terrible pain on his buttock. We had to decide about his treatment with chemotherapy but there was an important problem. His heart was damaged by two previous heart attacks and three stents helped him to  keep the arrival of oxygen to the myocardium.

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TRALI and availability bias

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Availability bias is present in Medicine when we select and option as the more likely just because comes faster to our mind, related to previous experiencies.

TRALI : Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a clinical syndrome with a low prevalence, that presents as acute hypoxemia and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema during or after blood transfusion. The clinical picture and X-ray findings are similar to other diseases with specific treatment.

How these two concepts are related?

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